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Director: Jess Franco
Cast: Christina von Blanc, Britt Nichols, Rosa Palomar, Anne Libert, Howard Vernon
Year: 1973
Length: 79 min
Rating: NR
Region: A
Disks: 1
Label: Kino Lorber


Resolution: 1080p
Aspect Ratio: 1.66:1
Video codec: MPEG-4 AVC
Type: Color


Audio: English/French: LPCM Mono
Subtitles: English


Baseball BusterProlific Spanish director, actor, and writer (and much more) Jess Franco sadly passed away earlier this year in April. Though his catalogue is largely an acquired taste, he is one of the most important figures of Eurohorror and each of his films, no matter how small the budget, is marked with his indelible personal style. Kino and Redemption are honoring his sizable contribution to genre cinema, including horror, erotica, women in prison films, crime and spy movies, and many more, with their ongoing Jess Franco survey on Blu-ray. A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973) is one of Franco’s better known efforts, combining horror, erotica, lovely ladies, lush visuals and a surreal plot.

The Film

Originally known as The Night the Stars Died (La nuit des étoiles foilantes), Christina, Princess of Eroticism aka A Virgin Among the Living Dead is the loosely plotted tale of a young woman, the titular Christina, who returns to her isolated family estate after the death of her father. She hasn’t seem him or any of her family members since childhood and was raised at a boarding school. Locals insist the estate is abandoned, but she finds the house full of her somewhat creepy extended family, led by her Uncle Howard. After her father’s will is read and she is plagued by frequent nightmares, Christina learns her family members are actually dead. She is forced to endure a number of bizarre scenarios, including a sexual assault that ends in a satanic ritual, zombies rising from the earth, and an odd conversation with a blind girl who wanders the mansion. Christina witnesses a fair amount of sex, including an erotic scenes involving blood and scissors, and more.

Britt Nichols and Christina von Blanc in Jess Franco's A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)

Britt Nichols and Christina von Blanc in Jess Franco’s A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)

Despite its low budget, the film benefits from a beautiful Portuguese setting, the lovely house, some unforgettable imagery, and cinematography from Jose Climent. As with some of Franco’s other work, this doesn’t follow logic or linear storytelling in a particularly faithful way and the film feels like half fairytale, half nightmare, which will please some viewers but frustrate many more. While the pace sometimes moves slowly, the film is packed with a lot of odd events that keep things moving towards its melancholy conclusion. There is also a surprising amount of black comedy, including one wonderful scene during a funeral where a clearly bored character paints her toenails.

Christina von Blanc is lovely as the titular Christina, but fails to take the place of Franco’s former leading lady, Soledad Miranda. Though she isn’t a particularly compelling actress, her presence serves the role well and she wanders the film looking suitably doe-eyed and anxious. Franco regular Britt Nichols as Christina’s chain-smoking cousin Carmencé and Anne Libert (Diary of a Nymphomaniac) as the Queen of the Night are particularly beautiful, welcome inclusions in the somewhat odd cast. Franco himself plays the creepy Basilio and his regular lead Howard Vernon (The Awful Dr. Orloff and many more) is compelling as Uncle Howard. Ernesto Pablo Reiner (The Devil’s Commandment) is only on screen briefly, but he is very memorable as Christina’s dead father.

In his commentary track for the film, Tim Lucas notes the similarities between the plot of this film and Bava’s magical Lisa and the Devil, a haunting, surreal meditation on death. Like Bava’s late masterpiece, Christina may be disjointed and nonsensical, but it is a deeply personal reflection on death, depression, and grief. Soledad Miranda died a few years before this, in 1970, and she was undoubtedly still on Franco’s mind during the writing and filming of Christina. The suicide of Christina’s father and her longing for family, regardless of how odd and sometimes menacing they are, lingers throughout the film and provides something of a grounding point in the midst of a very dreamlike story. It is often difficult to tell what is real and what is occurring in the mind of the protagonist, whether we are dealing with fantasy, dreams, nightmares, or, as we later learn is a possibility, Christina’s hallucinations.

Britt Nichols and Anne Libert in Jess Franco's A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)

Britt Nichols and Anne Libert in Jess Franco’s A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)


Presented in the original aspect ratio of 1.66:1, A Virgin Among the Living Dead looks considerably better than it ever has in previous DVD releases. One of the things I respect so much about the Kino and Redemption Blu-ray releases is that their remastering presents the film prints in their original state and is intended to make these vintage cult films look as good as possible without the flat texture often left behind by digital filtering such as DNR. As a result, both prints of the film do have some age damage, namely debris and scratches, but once the opening sequence has passed, it is not really noticeable. Franco’s colors look wonderful and balanced and overall the film is incredibly clear and organic looking. There are moments of muddiness and some blurring during darker scenes, but they are due to the cinematography. The presentation of this and other Franco films in Kino’s ongoing series gives a very good idea of what it would have been like to see this film projected in a movie theater once upon a time.

The real treat here is that Kino and Redemption provide both versions of the film. Christina, Princess of Eroticism is essentially Franco’s first complete cut of the film and is the version I prefer. A few years after it came out, during the European zombie craze, extra scenes were shot by French horror-erotica director Jean Rollin and cut in. This version is known as the wonderfully titled, A Virgin Among the Living Dead. There is also a more erotic version, sort of “Christina version 1.5,” with more erotic scenes cut in, and some of this extra footage is included in the special features.

Paul Muller in Jess Franco's A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)

Paul Muller in Jess Franco’s A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)


There are two LPCM 2.0 Mono tracks, the original French track, with optional English subtitles, and an English dub. I watched both and while I generally don’t prefer dubbing, the English track isn’t that bad. Though there is some slight hissing and a few other age related issues, the film sounds great, certainly better than in past releases. Dialogue is clear in both the English and French versions. The real star here is Bruno Nicolai’s impressive and wide ranging score that perfectly matches Franco’s film. As Tim Lucas states in his commentary track, Nicolai and Franco had an excellent working relationship and Nicolai often encouraged Franco (a musician in his own right) to contribute to the score arrangement. There are some jazzy, Goblin-like moments, but overall Nicolai’s score is haunting and ethereal and benefits greatly from Ennio Morricone-collaborator Edda Dell’Orso’s vocals.

Christina von Blanc in Jess Franco's A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)

Christina von Blanc in Jess Franco’s A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)


There are some very nice extras, chief among them is a great commentary track from Tim Lucas. It not only explains many elements of the production and Franco’s career, but may shed some light on the film itself if you find the limited plot frustrating or confusing. Also included is “Mysterious Dreams,” one of Franco’s final interviews where he discusses A Virgin Among the Living Dead. There is also a five minute compilation of extra softcore erotic footage. “The Three Faces of Christina” discusses the different versions of the film and “Jess! What Are You Doing Now?” is a sad, but heartwarming tribute to Franco where his friends discuss what they think he is doing after death.

Jess Franco's A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)

Jess Franco’s A Virgin Among the Living Dead (1973)

Bottom Line

A Virgin Among the Living Dead is certainly acquired taste, but if you enjoy more surreal and introspective horror with an emphasis on eroticism and black humor, it comes highly recommended. Kino Lorber and Redemption have really outdone themselves with this release and it is the only way you can currently see the two major versions of the film together and on Blu-ray. This release, along with equally excellent recent Blu-rays of Franco’s less seen Nightmares Come at Night and his more popular The Awful Dr. Orloff, is a fitting tribute to Franco and I hope to see many more of his titles from Kino and Redemption.

~ By Samm Deighan